A review of promotion of shore power as an option of reduction in shipping emissions

Prof. Dr. Ying-En Ge

College of Transport & Communications Chair, Lloyd's Register Foundation International Institute for Transport and Environment, Shanghai Maritime University

It has been almost 20 years since Sweden installed the first commercial shore power in 2000. Although there are many ports and ships installed shore power (also known as cold ironing) nowadays, only a few of ships plug in cold ironing when they berth at the port because of various issues. The previous papers mainly focus on the safety, evaluation and cost benefits of installing shore power. This paper presents a detailed review of the existing literature on shower power use/promotion, including general statistics, factors, methodology and results of sub-fields. One key finding is that the emission evaluation, cost and cost-benefits with a top-down approach are the first three most-discussed themes in the transportation research. Besides, the characteristics, feasibility and how to improve the technology of show power have been paid a great attention in the electronic engineering literature. Emerging directions in this field include making a questionnaire survey to know the willing and attitude of all stakeholders, the influences of different emission factors to the benefits of cold ironing and balancing the cost-benefit of cold ironing among all the stakeholders properly or making a method to decide who may be the best or most suitable shareholder to finance the costly system.

Short Biography

Dr. Ge, since December 2013, has been Professor and Dean of the College of Transport & Communications at the Shanghai Maritime University (SMU), China. He was awarded his PhD degree in Tongji University in 1999 in Shanghai. Before joining the Dalian University of Technology (DUT) in the Spring of 2010 as a professor, he was first Research Assistant at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, then postdoctoral fellow at the University of California at Davis (2000 – 2001) and subsequently research fellow in The University of Ulster (2001 – 2003), The Queen’s University of Belfast (2003 – 2006) and Edinburgh Napier University (2007 – 2008); he worked in transport consulting arena in 2008-2010. 

His primary academic interests include transportation network analysis, demand management, transportation policy & the environment, and operations and management of ports & shipping. His publications appear in Transportation Science, Transportation Research Parts B & D, Networks and Spatial Economics, as so on. Over the years he also served as the Executive Chair of the 6th International Symposium on Travel Demand Management (TDM2013), the Chair of the Organizing Committee of the 6th Transportation Research Forum (Shanghai, 2015), and the 16th COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals (CICTP2016). He is also the chair of the Waterborne Transport division of the World Transport Convention, which takes place every year in Beijing since 2017.